Swollen Foot

OVERVIEW

Gout causes sudden swelling of any one joint and it most commonly involves great toe. It could be toe, wrist or knee. Its very painful, warm, swollen and painful to touch. It can happen by eating diet rich in purines. Eating such kind of diet will increase uric acid in the blood. 

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS:

CAUSES: Hyperuricemia is the underlying cause of gout. This can occur for a number of reasons including dietary, genetic, or underexcretion of urate, the salts of uric acid. Renal underexcreation of uric acid is the primary cause of hyperuricemia in about 90% of cases while overproduction is the cause in less than 10%. About 10% of people with hyperuricemia develop gout at some point in their lifetime. The risk however varies depending on the degree of hyperuricemia. When levels are between 415 and 530 μmol/L (7 and 8.9 mg/dL) the risk is 0.5% per year; while in those with a level greater than 535 μmol/L (9 mg/dL) the risk is 4.5% per year.


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